ライン・ワール・マースの狭間から、草の如し徒然の観察八景。 政ごと/商いごと/言の葉ごと/遊びごと。

Nature 雑草 フローラ/ファウナ

10th October Field watch

Once upon a time there ware these ordinary lives in the village. Like this would I look back the past from the future?
Who knows two or three decades from now it will happen that these 'not special' flora, in other words, just simple weeds/trees, butterflies and mushrooms do not exist anymore. Hereunder I upload things in row that I took pictures during a coupple of hours walk on 10th October 2016.
[note 1]

161006 A1
Self-heal ウツボグサ Gewone brunel (Prunella vulgaris)
Brown dead plant after blooming, now new green leaves. They stay maybe as it is if coming winter is too warm.

Spindle セイヨウニシキギWilde Kardinaalsmus (Euonymus europaeus)
Very noticeable because of such attractive colors of fruits and leaves. Everywhere seedings. Why Spindle? Spidle for spining for textile was made by this wood. Kardinaalsmus in Dutch: Likened the red and orange of the fruit to the hat of Roman Catholic Cardinal. Japanese spindle ニシキギ(E. alatus) is also very popular in garden, used for flexible bow.

161006 A2
Birch boleteヤマイグチ Gewone berkenboleet (Leccinum scabrum
possible; other 'birch bolete' species.

161006 A3
Kichijo so キチジョウソウ (Reineckea carnea)
Japanese plant, 15 years ago I brought back a tiny root from Kyoto. Kichi-jo means to bring you Happiness.

161006 A4
Cherry laurel セイヨウバクチノキLaurierkers (Prunus laurocerasus f.)
this have long leaves and low height, one of many cultivations

161006 A5 Lethe butleri Ka 02
Ringlet リングレット蝶 Koevinkje (Aphantopus hyperantus)

161006 A7
Yama-bousi 山法師 Japanse kornoelje (Cornus kousa)
Edible fruits of Japanese dogwood

161006 A10
Red Admiral ヨーロッパアカタテハ Atalanta (Vanessa Atalanta)

161006 A7-2
possible one of Bovista =ダンゴタケ属
or Calvatia (=Langermania) = ノウタケ属 such as Giant puffball

161006 A11
Horse-chestnut セイヨウトチノキ Paardenkastanje(Aesculus hippocastanum)
White layer protects brown fruit. It is still soft and elegant. My 10 years old chestnut tree has made a dozen pieces of fruit in this autumn.

161006 A14
Trees of a row as the background are the birch. This also looks like a birch mushroom. Which species is it?
Another big one in front may be kicked by someone, it remains only split stem.

161006 A13
Probably Common sweet violet ニオイスミレ Maartsvioortje (Viola odorata)
Along back-corridor wall it grows many of these plants. No sun all day long.

161006 A15
Left; Wild teasel オニナベナ grote kaardebol(Dipsacus fullonum)
Right; St. Benedict's herb ダイコンソウgele nagelkruid (Geum urbanum). Can both weeds stay as it is in coming winter at corner of my back house?

Sweet chestnut ヨーロッパグリ Tamme kastanje (Castanea sativa)
This tree was planted a decade ago in front of my house. There are a plenty of fresh fruits,that are falling down. As Japanese proverb "Peach& Chestnut three years, Kaki (persimmon) eight years ", it was not so fast to make first fruits. The fruits appeared about three years ago.
Twice pinnate compound leaves of Udoウド (Aralia cordata)
Japanese word Udo seems a shrub as you see. Very known as "wild or mountain asparagus". Udo belongs to in fact grass plant as well as asparagus. Tara-no-ki タラノキ (Aralia elata) is no doubt tree, These Aralias are considered Two great heroes of the mountain-vegetable.
There are two types of Udo; green & white on the market. The white has been cultivated in underground room since Heian-period (about 10 century) It is said ''cultivated for Mikado = Kaiser in Kyoto. In 21 centuries there are some production places, for example, Tachikawa near Tokyo and Nagano prefecture. In Europa Norway and the Netherland as long as I certainly know. This image is taken, of course, here my village in the Netetherlands. .

A female Zanthoxylum tree with big thorns
サンショウ=Sansho: known as Japanese paper (Zanthoxylum piperitum), one of most favourite condiment in Japanese kitchen. There are many species within genus Zanthoxylum In the Northern Hemisphere. The male and female trees are in separate individuals. You need both trees and have to plant closely together. This image is taken 10 meters far away from that Udo.

Yasuda Hartige taart 01

I found this inside my freezer. Nothing to do things that I watched outside on 10th October. This kind of cake is called ''Hartige taart'' in Dutch, maybe ''Savoriness cake'' in English. Thaw naturally 1 hour. A best bites after such walk!

1. I have had three light equipments with me for just walk, without backpack. Right; Correct time and date, showing 10:10 and 10th October.. Left; 5 minutes faster than right-one, although both smartphones are same 4S. Left one is available for only Japanese area, probably 5 minutes difference on the same day (10th October) between Here and Japan! This black one takes quick general pictures as a reserve camera.
The Pentax compact degital camera has same square of smartphone in plan view. it can take 1cm closeup and rather far distance terephoto. However it is not always sharp-focus at all to make reasonable images.

symple toestel
The article in paper is about new apple moter ''iOS'', available from 5S.

Non category



Jo is an exceptional British tennis-amazones,great to watch, wait for a big title just a while.
10-10 07:01


Nature 雑草 フローラ/ファウナ

Fu-ro-siki 風呂敷 4 [Herb & Iroha]

At 1300 years ago in Japan many medicinal plants were written in history books such as Kojiki (古事記), Izumo-no-kuni Fudoki (出雲国風土記)and Honzo-wamyo (本草和名). 

Firstly Kojiki that I never read and could not read says the fact Japan is a land of Gods, in another words a land of Shintoism which is our principal natural believe. Secondary Izumo-no-kuni fudoki described mythologies in Izumo. There is a shrine known as Izumo-Taisha in where Ō-kuni-nushi (大国主) is enshrined. Might he be corresponded to Zeus in Greece gods system? Anyway both 'persons' stand in quite a complicated deep stories as well as India's budha world. The last one was a dictionary of madecinal plants.
[note 1]

出雲国風土記 col 03
Left; A hand-written copy of 'Izumo' : Nakajima's version 1817
Right; An area of Izumo, the eastern part of the Shimane Prefecture at present.

I have no idea what kind of herbs and medicinal plants were used at the time. Those historic literature are not available for ordinary public, because originals do not exist any more. Few handmade copies remains and are reserved by (domestic and foregin) cultural organizations and museums.
Needless to say, those of the detailed documentation has been published to researchers who are the specialist of not only ancient writings but also ancient medicine. They should understand such document that would be a kind of puzzle for ordinary people.

this is a society of above mentioned reserchers.
Iroha Hiragana en Kanji-2

That is why two graphic designs are adapted for a set of furoshiki-gift, I guess. The reason why gift is due to its academic founding fifty anniversary. An excellent combination!

Tsutsumi kata 02-3

In Europa Dokudami is planted sometimes in private gardens. The plant is very known in Japan, probably used as medicine in the time when the character did not exsist yet, although I don't know whether or not it was written in Kojiki. [note 2] Such medicinal ancient gras/tree is called the folk medicine which has no side effects, therefore have been used as therapeutics in long long tradition.

ドクダミ センブリ ゲンノショウコ 01 
Fish mint / ドクダミ=Dokudami (Houttuynia cordata)

Senburi and Gen-no-Shoko are representative Japanese folk medicines together with Dokudami. I would say Big Three about these plants. [note 3] Senburi's efficacy is likely for indigestion, loss of appetite, stomach pain, abdominal pain, and diarrhea. And Gen-no-shoko's efficacy : Diarrhea, chronic gastrointestinal disease and constipation. At last It is said Dokudami's fresh leaves work against purulent boil, and its thee is good to prevent diuretic, bowel movement and hypertension.
ドクダミ センブリ ゲンノショウコ 02
センブリ=Senburi (Swertia japonica)
It has been widely cultivated for medicine industry

ドクダミ センブリ ゲンノショウコ col 04
ゲンノショウコ, 現の証拠=Gen no Shoko (Geranium thunbergii)
Weeds belonging to Geranium, even in Netherlands there may be about 10 species.

1. Kojiki is Japan's oldest history book、edited by Yasumaro Oono, and peresented to Empress Genmei in 712. There are reportedly 79 plants in it. It is said that the compilation of Izumo-no-kuni Fudoki was ordered by Empress Genmei in 713 (=Wado 6), but was completed in era of Emperor Shomu in 733.

2. Doku means poison, Dami (←damari←tamari) means 'collected'/stay. People might think then: poison is collected in the plant because of its stinky smell when it was rubbed. But it is a edible.

3. Sen-buri → thousand-decoction. You make it even a thousand times of decoctions, there remains still a bitter taste.
Gen-no-Shoko → reality-of-the matter of fact. Virtually indicated evidence. In another word the plant has such effective po wer as medicine.

Non category



Would Dutch usual indecisive attitude change a bit against Putin-Russia?
10-01 01:54


Art 絵画/ 建築

Fu-ro-siki 風呂敷 [3 Iroha poem]

Iroha poem is printed on this furosiki. You begin from Right to Left, of course from top to bottom. It includes all 47 hiragana so that each of them represents a phonetic utterance (sounds) in the Japanese. [note 1] No letter is repeated. Since its existence (11 century) there have been several interpretations on context and about who created. Sure very very mysterious poetry. There are even encryption theories.
Here, outlined English explanation →

160918 Furoshiki a-1
100% cotton. square size : 105 cm, perhaps most popular size
Iroha Hiragana en Kanji
contemporary hprizontal way of writing.
Left: hiragana. Right: hiragana conbeined with Kanji

The way of writing is traditional Japanese vertical mode, namely ''top to bottom'' and ''right to left'', while we do nowadays ''left to right, top to bottom'' which is horizontal mode as same as European alphabetical order. Both vertical and horizontal methods are taken since Meiji period (1868~). The former is adapted mostly for daily life, however, the latter is used in paticular for Japanese/Chinese languges dictionaries, ancient articles by shrines/temples and many cultural oppotunities.

160918 Furoshiki a
How to wrap things by number of methods.

160918 Furoshiki b-1-

Hereabove plants are illustrated, all of them are herbs which has been used since ancient time in Japan. European herbs are often named xxxxxxx officinalis, officinale and officinarum as scientific species name (Nomenclature system by Carl Linnaeus). It means such a plant was officially recognized as medicine and used for treatment by doctor/hospital in human history. These Japanese herbs may have 'officinalis' too. There could be common herbs in both far West and far East.

160918 Furoshiki b
How to wrap a little complicated forms

IMGP scarf 1 53x52
This one is pretty colorful, say fashionable with beautiful patterns, and looks like a half transparent furoshiki. Its size : a square of 53 cm, maybe handy for carrying small thing. But this is in fact a kind of scarf for women, or probably handkerchief. I got a set of four design variations from my home country in order to give someone as gift. Who can use it in Netherlands, no idea. [note 2]

160918 Furoshiki col a-1 b-1

Back to these furoshiki. ↑ Iroha poem and herb illustrations. They are a set of two real furoshiki. Why do such mysterious poetry and ancient medicinal plants are combined?

[continued] Fu-ro-siki 風呂敷 4 [Herb & Iroha]

1. It may be said Japanese alphabet. For example, American alphabet has 38 letters, and Latin or Greece or Arabian alphabet systems are own their numbers of letters. Referance: German alphabet children song that I learned nearly four decades ago in southen German when stayed a couple of months.

2. To wipe nose with cloth-handkerchief, in case of cold in the nose, is/was an European habit in ordinary life. People does/did use same cloth repeatedly in a day. Can you dare to do so with such beautiful handkerchief? (today therefore paper's one (^_^))

ken minatoya

Author:ken minatoya
Victor Westhoff(1916-2001)碑文Hij observeertからのHNを本名と苗字に先立つ屋号に変更。ウエストホフは生物フローラの相互生息環境を丹念に観察したBiotop概念の先駆者。ザザーッとフィールドを歩きつつ、こぼれ見える外史/雑人/雑草の風景


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