ライン・ワール・マースの狭間から、草の如し徒然の観察八景。 政ごと/商いごと/言の葉ごと/遊びごと。

Art 絵画/ 建築

The Tower of Babel painted by Pieter Bruegel the Elder

A plenty of paintings titled as Tower of Babel would be inspired by the three originals drawn by Pieter Bruegel the Elder. He was Dutch Flemish Renaissance painter. His painting period was surpreizingly short, only about a decade at early forties.

114×155 cm Kunsthistorisches Museum, Wien

60 × 74.5 cm Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen, Rotterdam

One of his three tableaus doesn't exist anymore. Remained size of 144x155cm and 60x74.5cm are called respectively "Big" and "Little''. .


↑A part of picture above. There is explanetion board beside tableau. It says 'Little' is depicted in 1565, while 'Big' in Wien in 1563 (accoding to the official catalogue).. I wonder whether its differrence depends on historical study or not.
And you kan see frame corner in detail which is nearly same with that of 'Big'. It might suggest history of purchase and sale, somtimes frames from first mounting. An opinion says that Pieter Bruegel the Elder seemed to deal with book-painting business before artist period. Who knows origin of these identical frames.

↓Two magnifyings of 'Little'↑


He must be miniaturist to draw such details even in 60 × 74.5 cm space. as if an Mandala world is drawn on a rice grain.
Architectural engineering in the painting is thought Roman method around 0 year A.D./B.C. Because, I guess, Bruegel had no way of knowing how to build such huge construction at the time of the Old Testament (Genesis), in where the story "tower of the babel" was described.

* The Kunsthistorisches Museum in Wien Austria collects a number of Buruger the Elder. His whole world is categorized by some themes or genre. One of them is farmer's life. Next one is an example that I like.


This is hunters life. For my nonchalant reason, I associate with japanese painting on Washi by Tikkyou Ono.


Art 絵画/ 建築

Pieter in the village Brueghel ブリューフェル村のピーテルが初めたんだ

Pieter in the village Brueghel began to depict such a huge construction. I'd like to know why he motivated to do so. Religious reason or by means of his personal interest about the language of Genesis?
Breughel was a tiny village in middel of 16 century. Nowadays it belongs to a gemeente (municipality), Son en Breugel in the southern Netherlands near by Eindhoven.

kwart RB-1-2 in lijst
Top part of the construction
Can you recognige people?

Part 03 in lijst
This is also top part, but in another painting. Workers who were voluntaries and ancient Roman machines. But a tower that existed reportedly in Babylon was 91 meter height..The buildings in Genesis story should be much higher than that, its construction tools were of course much easier types than those of Rome.

Continued !

kwart RB-1 in lijst

Part 02 in lijst

Part 05 in Lijst

60 cm × 74.5 cm with frame

kwarten vier in lijst

Art 絵画/ 建築

The Changelings and Anime:YOUR NAME

Here are two close-up parts picked out of the last subject : The Family members.

Familie 01 closeup
Grandmother with two youngest boys in fam. Cruywagen

I don’t mean the changeling as `not human child` who is replaced by faries which kidnap real human children and take care of them. It is a common folklore in Europa.
My 'changeling' here is symple that boys ware girl-like clothes. At first sight they looks like girls as you see this painting with their grandmother. Yes the sail-maker family had 6 sons certainly! Why did such tradition exist? It depends on practical reasons, I guess.
Firstly these skirt-like layers cloth can cover easily differrent lengths of children's legs. You need not to make every time trousers in order to match with fast growth of boys. Secondaly it helps for toilet training, especially boys under 3 years
.[note 1]

Maximilian family 02 closeup
Maximilian 1 three grandson-generation
In particular both children,
Ferdinand I (left) and Louis II (right) give impression as girls, whether or not the painter intended.

In Japan there is a known literature called Torikaebaya Monogatari. Torikae means the changeling, however the classic story is all about a Prince and a princes. Both ware opposite sex clothings and grows as if he is a princes, she is a prince. [note 2]
Today an animation film is running in US, UK, China and many countries with scenario line that is similar to Torikaebaya Monogatari.  Its title is YOUR NAME. A boy and a girl exchange their bodies but remaining real each eidenties.[note 3]

A little old film-review on Gardian (20-11-2016)
and its poster↓
02君の名は ポスター from Gardian
Demo-intro animation with English subtitle

01君の名は ポスター

[continued to next blog]
further about Rite of passage

1. On this point we understand a fact that dress for girl / women has clear function. It is not for toilet-training but for daily easiness because of women's bodies construction, by which they have to carry out great job to create next generation.
2. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Torikaebaya_Monogatari
3. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Your_Name

Art 絵画/ 建築

Family members  [家族]

Without family you would not have existed, or say, it may be pretty difficult to manage your life. Here there are two paintings. [note : *]
Majority participants on Facebook upload their family pictures, because family's contact is an important factor as well as members pictures of hobby/sport organizations, by which the facebook becomes popular naturally [note 1].

Familie 01
's Zomers buiten (Summer cottage) The family Meebeek Cruywagen
painted in 1640-1645 by Jacob van Loo (1624-1670)
Rijksmuseum, museum of the Netherlands, in Amsterdam

This tableau of family Meebeek Cruywagen is something peculiar although they belonged to Bourgeoisie claas that was rich citizen. Father Hendric right standing couple was successful sail-maker in Amsterdam. In summer they stayed in this nice house, west of the city, due to avoid stench, busyness and the pest. Mrs, Cruywagen created six children. You see a grandmother, unknown whose mother of Mr or Mrs.

An unique Brabant family image. ↓Father most behind who is very artist of this painting, and mother with 9 children. You can recognize perhaps it is a poor family as usual by means of so many children. Such a profession like painter could not make enough money at the time as well as ordinary people like farmers.

Familie 02
Family portrait
painted in 1949 by Kees Bastiaan
The Noordbrabants Museum in 's-Hertogenbosch

Kees Bastiaans 014 closeup
A part. This is taken by another com-digi camera with wrong colour. Two of four girls you see might be twin. In total 15 children it may occur a twin.

Bastiaan's activity as family-maker resulted finally 15 children. It sounds astonishing numbers doesn't it! Actually it was, however, not exceptional. Before and after war it was normal family image with a lot of children at least southward of the river Waal and Rhein, where people have believed always Roman Catholic. Children were born in natural way as it was.

I am used to hearing about big families in my village since 20 years ago, like ''I am youngest in total 12 brothers and sisters''. Until a couple of decade ago women did not seemingly take pills that avoid pregnancy.
Remembering such postwar period someone tells me; When you heard nothing for a while from a family, you should worry them really. Because you have been informed every year a birth of new baby!

* Recently I have seen several families pictures on the internet in which their members were posing in opportunities of someone's birthday, new year gathering or local festival. It reminds me paintings in museums as family theme.

1. A family of my friend. All members look like cheerful and happy.
Masamichi san Family 01
Nowadays in Japan there are hardly big families like this. Its birthrate is less than 1 point. In fact Japan is heading towards a decline.

2. A plenty of monarchy's tableau. An example : painted 1515 by Bernhard Strigel, The Kunsthistorisches Museum (Museum of Art History) in Vienna / Wien.
Here three generation of the Habsburg ''Maximlian 1'' family. Strigel was Maximilian's favorite court painter, traveled with his boss who had to visit many places always not only his imperial domein but also its outskirt.
The painter knew every inch of emperor's feature and that of relatives. You see clearly son and grandsons have same chin of the emperor so-called the Habsburg Jaw that is an inbreeding deformities as result of relatives marriage in order to secure political relations, keep the succession lines. Many disabilities caused by medical unawareness lasted up to 19 centuries, thus it is at least a period of 3.5 centuries.
Maximilian 1 Mary of Burgondy
Emperor Maximilian I and his wife Mary of Burgundy, with their son Philip Handsome (between them), their grandsons from left Ferdinand I and Charles V, and Louis II, husband of their daughter Mary of Austria.

Art 絵画/ 建築

Fu-ro-siki 風呂敷 [3 Iroha poem]

Iroha poem is printed on this furosiki. You begin from Right to Left, of course from top to bottom. It includes all 47 hiragana so that each of them represents a phonetic utterance (sounds) in the Japanese. [note 1] No letter is repeated. Since its existence (11 century) there have been several interpretations on context and about who created. Sure very very mysterious poetry. There are even encryption theories.
Here, outlined English explanation →

160918 Furoshiki a-1
100% cotton. square size : 105 cm, perhaps most popular size
Iroha Hiragana en Kanji
contemporary hprizontal way of writing.
Left: hiragana. Right: hiragana conbeined with Kanji

The way of writing is traditional Japanese vertical mode, namely ''top to bottom'' and ''right to left'', while we do nowadays ''left to right, top to bottom'' which is horizontal mode as same as European alphabetical order. Both vertical and horizontal methods are taken since Meiji period (1868~). The former is adapted mostly for daily life, however, the latter is used in paticular for Japanese/Chinese languges dictionaries, ancient articles by shrines/temples and many cultural oppotunities.

160918 Furoshiki a
How to wrap things by number of methods.

160918 Furoshiki b-1-

Hereabove plants are illustrated, all of them are herbs which has been used since ancient time in Japan. European herbs are often named xxxxxxx officinalis, officinale and officinarum as scientific species name (Nomenclature system by Carl Linnaeus). It means such a plant was officially recognized as medicine and used for treatment by doctor/hospital in human history. These Japanese herbs may have 'officinalis' too. There could be common herbs in both far West and far East.

160918 Furoshiki b
How to wrap a little complicated forms

IMGP scarf 1 53x52
This one is pretty colorful, say fashionable with beautiful patterns, and looks like a half transparent furoshiki. Its size : a square of 53 cm, maybe handy for carrying small thing. But this is in fact a kind of scarf for women, or probably handkerchief. I got a set of four design variations from my home country in order to give someone as gift. Who can use it in Netherlands, no idea. [note 2]

160918 Furoshiki col a-1 b-1

Back to these furoshiki. ↑ Iroha poem and herb illustrations. They are a set of two real furoshiki. Why do such mysterious poetry and ancient medicinal plants are combined?

[continued] Fu-ro-siki 風呂敷 4 [Herb & Iroha]

1. It may be said Japanese alphabet. For example, American alphabet has 38 letters, and Latin or Greece or Arabian alphabet systems are own their numbers of letters. Referance: German alphabet children song that I learned nearly four decades ago in southen German when stayed a couple of months.

2. To wipe nose with cloth-handkerchief, in case of cold in the nose, is/was an European habit in ordinary life. People does/did use same cloth repeatedly in a day. Can you dare to do so with such beautiful handkerchief? (today therefore paper's one (^_^))

ken minatoya

Author:ken minatoya
Victor Westhoff(1916-2001)碑文Hij observeertからのHNを本名と苗字に先立つ屋号に変更。ウエストホフは生物フローラの相互生息環境を丹念に観察したBiotop概念の先駆者。ザザーッとフィールドを歩きつつ、こぼれ見える外史/雑人/雑草の風景


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