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Art 絵画/ 建築

Framework ❷ [Diagonal 45 tradition with a Royal bloodline story]

Documents and illustrations have been drawn to the square of paper that usually has four sides. It may be, so to speak principle. There is rarely example that deviate from the principle. Human life seems as if it were built up on the rule.

''Framework'' can certaily not escape out of such square which are, as you know, connected with diagonal 45 degrees method by each other sides. Hereunder it's shown by means of two pieces cut each 45 degrees, though it's not easy to see due to wood layers.


Glued 5-6 layers, without (metal or plastic) hardware.
Diagonal tradition 05-1


↓She is the eldest daughter of Charles I, the king of England, Scotland and Ireland. Oil portrait in the 17th century, being able to draw the facial expressions and personality, was already completed graphic image field. Van der Helst depicted exactly her what she looked like then as a member of the Stuart. Such expression on her can be observed in portraits of her own son and a daughter of her brother, namely Willem 3 and Mary 2.

Mary Henrietta married in 1641 at age of 9 with Willem, Prince of Orange. When she moved to The Hague in 1644 they could consume their marriage. Her father was involved in English Civil War and was executed in 1649 by the High Court of Justice, one side of Republican, Oliver Cromwell. Later her older and younger brothers became respectively King of UK in order, Charles 2 and James 2.

In 1650 her husband Willem 2 died of smallpox. Few days later a son was born. It's Willem 3, later the king of UK together with his first cousin and wife Mary 2, daughter of his uncle James 2. Mary Henrietta Stuart was unpopular then in Dutch Republic. Her son (William 3 in England) fought often against Louis XIV of France who was her first cousin too. All of those family history is typical royal ‘ complexity’ and the result of the intermarriage
[note 1].

1652 painted by Bartholomeus van der Helst (1613 – 1670)
DSC_0205.jpg
Mary Henrietta Stuart, at the time of 21 years old.


Back to the theme '' Framework ''.
↑This is in fact a beautiful example made by craftmans ship. It is brought up by clever idea at 4 corners. You don't notice diagonal lines there, but needless to say pursued by 45 degrees connection. I guess, four pieces are made of casting
[note 2].

Mary Hennriette Stuart tabuleu Detail 05

The motif of ornament on this frame is the Plant and the Knight's heads. There are 6 head statues respectively on the top and bottom of the frame. The 2 heads in center are facing one another, others are facing the front. Six heads set on bottom-frame are facing downward. It would be plausible meaning about this frame design[note 3].

Johan Hendrik Weissenburg en Lijst effect 05

'Zomerdag' (Summer day) realized in 1870-1903. Johan Hendrik Weissenbruch is apparently a modern artist with such landscape. You may be disappointed the fact that the windmill was equipped pomping engines so that the waterlevel was always controled when no wind. He made this painting on a sheet of paper instead of canvas. ''He tacked the paper onto the lid of his paintingbox. The tiny holes are still visible in the corners.'' He worked it out at own atelier. The paper is backed up by woodplate, ofcourse.[note 4]

The 45 degrees 'frame connection' has been long adopted and authorised in traditional art genre, although there are various genius ways to connect two wood elements, for example, between vertical column and horizontal cross piece.[note 5].

Unfortunately nobody has thought to develop something different than the '45'. Because the '45' is logical, easy, strong and beautiful. In addition to these functional reasons, ornamental or decorative motif has been considerably important factor for ''Frame''.

Look at the frame of Weissenbruch as an example with broad and deep dimension. Could anyone imagine the painting without the frame ? How could it survive as just 'naked art' at the time? In other words it seemed for painters and art-receivers as if the art never exsist without 'Frame'. [We had to wait it until the half of 20 century]

By chance I ever walked along a windmill at Puttershoek in the province of South Holland. You see that windmill in a picture that is embedded in right 'Frame'. Now you would recognize the powerful '45' tradition whether you find it 'not suitable ' or 'not so bad' etct...



【Note】:
1. When was such intermarriage forbidden in UK (or Dutch Republic)?
Incidentally well in japanese Idioms such as 近親結婚 and 近親相姦(incest).
2. The scale of painting is almost real size of the person. It means 'Frame' are big and strong enough. These days, painting-frame with decoration is often foamed plastic moldings.
3. Could it be associated with her husband Willem 2?.
4. My camera is not good enough to focus very small holes in the corners of Johan's painting. But you can find them once by visiting 'Rijksmuseum'. https://www.rijksmuseum.nl/en'
5. A very known wood connection is ''Dovetail connection'' → zwaluwstaart verbinding (in Dutch) → 蟻継(アリツギ)、蟻ほぞ(アリホゾ)
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Family 家族

Framework ➊ [骨格それとも枠組]

DSC_0619.jpg

Frame work :: ↓four explanations.
1. a structural plan or basis of a project
2. a structure or frame supporting or containing something
3. frames collectively
4. (Knitting & Sewing) work such as embroidery or weaving done in or on a frame

Hah ha, following pictures show just Frame-work which seems nearly to be above nummer 4. Literally 'Frame' means is a kind of a forehead and cross piece.


DSC_0390.jpg


DSC_0392.jpg


DSC_0393.jpg

Frame Duivelswandelstok 01_edited-1

DSC_0088_edited-1.jpg


DSC_0090.jpg

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Nostalgic Melody&Film 懐メロ&フィルム

A singer songwriter with an oil painter in 19th century [epilogue]

When a poet is going to create lyrics about beautiful mountains and rivers or scenery, it doesn't need always for him/her to visit exact places or to experience him/herself there how it would be. So did Stephen Collins Foster. He had been in neither Kentucky nor Swanee River.

Japan was occupied by the US force after the capture on August 1945. Following two decades, at least I remember, Foster's work was a staple of the junior school music books. In addition to "Old Folks at Home" (1850) there are pretty many tunes which are quite popular, for examples, like "My Old Kentucky Home (1852), "Old Black Joe" (1853), and "Jeanie With the Light Brown Hair" (1854)
[note 1]

My Old Kentucky Home 01


Even I myself, do not have any sense of singing, can do hamming with these melody lines. Lyrics written by Foster ware translated to the language of the 'rising sun's country. All Japanese text, I say, are beautiful with dignity and a kind of homage (to Foster).

Translators might have known the situation at the time of Foster. Sometimes they omitted the real context in the circumstance that slavery was recognized as a social and economic system. Pupils at school and normal ordinary people knew hardly slavery-history of neither America nor the world. Lyrics of foreign popular songs are often interpreted in sense of Japanese context, and made up lyrical contents associated with humanity and nature. In some cases Japanese text has nothing to do with African-American negro life
[note 3].

Foster's songs, for examples as "Camptown Races" (1850), "Old Folks at Home", "My Old Kentucky Home and "Old Black Joe" were composed before The American Civil War which originated to the fractious issue of slavery. The South of cotton farming needed slavery of Negro.

At the time Minstrel show was popular. It could be ''therefore'' that he attempted to compose above mentioned songs as a singer songwriter. The theme of lyrics should be all about slavery, because of Minstrel show in combination with Black Face by White actors. Songs for people must be commercial whenever it's made
[note 4].


At left under corner there is a sign ''Souvenir de Mauve'' I don't know what exactly it means. 'Mauve' dedicates in general a genus of Marva like '''Marva sylvestris' which is a plant with purple flowers. Remembrance of Mallow or Purple? The tree in the frame looks like to belong to the rose family. This painting seems to be titled ''Pink peach tree in blossom'' by Johannah. It may be also pear tree. Anyway the tree has nothing to do with Mallow.
Van Gogh Sauvernir de Mauve 01
''Souvenir de Mauve'' may be his imagined landscape for a series of orchard or just garden. Van Gogh made about ten works with same composition. The Kröller-Müller Museum owns probably best one among them. When ''van Gogh'' was not yet famous, the rich collector Helene Müller was able to select the most excellent work.


Vincent van Gogh was an unique man as a man of letter-writing. He needed really to tell what is going on in his mind. He wrote and wrote about his paintings to his younger brother Theo [note 5].

Nowadays you can read Vincent's letters, and perhaps monologue too. Jo, Wife of Theo van Gogh read all his letters and diaries and organized them. It's patient efort for the publication. If Jo would not have done it today's great deel of his fame might not have existed [note 6].

'The First Lesson' or 'The Banjo Lesson' 1893
painted by ‎Henry Ossawa Tanner (21 June 1859 – 25 May 1937)'

Henry_Ossawa_Tanner_-_The_Banjo_Lesson.jpg

This oil-painting on canvas would be one of pioneer as a scean of Black people's daily life. The painter is first recognizable artist of African American individual, who was 6 years younger than Van Gogh. Banjo was a typical music instrument in the era of southern plantation, and the child could be Old Joh's grandson. Henry Ossawa Tanner made hereof a heartwarming realism with careful brush work which contrasts very much with passionate touch of Van Gogh. Its color is a sober, it could be a little like a Jean-Francois Millet who supported Van Gogh and had great influence on him

When Tanner was born the war was going to break out. It began in 1861, then Foster became alone, being left through daughter and his wife Jane Denny McDowell, girlfriend of childhood, reportedly having bad relationship with them caused by poverty. He could not profit from his sold music scorebook.[note 7].

A year before the war-end in 1864 Foster got heavy fever in a Manhattan's cheap hotel. Reportedly, yes theres was no evidence what happened then with him, a couple of days later he died in a hospital. It's 13th January 1864 at age 37 and 6 months. All his performance is about 200 of songwriting by himself. A wellknown episode is that 38 cents in Civil War scrip and three pennies were found in his leather wallet.

DSC_0106-3.jpg

Vincent van Gogh was not such poverty as Foster. He had a great brother who supported him entirely. It may be said luxury-life so that he could concentrate his lifework without income, being always single.

In 1889 it looked like his ''uprising'' that his name became a little known in Paris and Belgium by means of Theo's Gallery-activity. He moved from Mediterranean sea-side to near by Paris, and rented an attic of hotel Ravoux in Auvers. He could earn money first time by selling only one painting.

In the attic he produced a lot of paintings and study-copies of established painters
[note 8]. Reportedly he did suicide to shoot own breast due to his psychosis, therefor he stayed a year ago in the hospital at Saint-Rémy. According to research in 21 century no pistol was found., but there were two young men with him. Could be just accidents during doing something. He died on 29 July 1890 in hospital two days later of the accident. He is at age 37 and 4 months. All his performance is sketches and paintings of roughly 900.


【Note】:
1. "My Old Kentucky Home" may be official state song of Kentucky. The song "Camptown Races" (known 草競馬) may be doubtful as a work of Foster according some specialists. "Jeanie With the Light Brown Hair"became the motif of the Anime series on Japanese TV.in 1980s. And in 1992-1993 another Anime 52 episodes ''The Girl in the Wind: Jeanie with the Light Brown Hair (風の中の少女 金髪のジェニー) was broadcasted by Nippon Animation.

3. In other cases, however, translators realized great work which includes pure deep meanings from original text. But I have to say that Translation of Foster's minstrel songs seems to be not such case. It sounds beautiful in Japanese with Japanese Tanka style. Tanka means a short poem, has a rule of 5-7-5-7-7 syllables.

4. Someone who loves Foster's music is often that he might have very warm hart and understand deeply Negro in connection with Slavery. It may be natural way of feeling in 21 century why they think so, because of beautiful melody and humane text that he made in 19 century. There are, however, hardly concrete information about his way of life. He lived in the center of slavery era in US. It was a society where discrimination and prejudice did not seem to be what words really mean. He was a 'white', and audience of the blackface show was 'white' as well. It was certainly not easy for black people to enjoy entertainment or something in theater. There was steep and strong wall between White and Negro. Foster might concentrate to create only successful lirics and melodies, used his capability at most without sympathy for Negro. .

5.. At January 2015 we type out keyboard or just touch on liquid panel In order to communicate with someone who is in somewhere far from you, .Even you can see the person in small monitor and talk with him. That's our way of communication on everyday life.

6. Jo, wife of Theo contributed for the great fame of Vincent as art-business-woman and Translater.. The sister-in-law of the painter married with Johan Cohen Gosschalk in 1901 after death of Theo and became again widow in 1912.. Johanna van Gogh-Bonger (1862-1925) was often busy with translation the letter of Vincent.

7. Abraham Lincoln got his inaugration as the president.That became a trigger of the war.
8. Vincent mental condition was unstable, for example, did not want going out.


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Nature 雑草 フローラ/ファウナ

Good Vegetable and Medicine linked with a willow [オオバコ物語-跋扈柳にかけて ]

This collage is an example of the theme linked to other images at bottom.
Salix caprea col 030.

Plantago major 003-1 Grote weegbreeWeegbree

This is one of my ordinary grasses which are mixed with real vegetable in pan. The whole thing, leaves and root, is edible according to private experience that is not authorized at all.
Plantago major 03-2-2 Grote weegbree

How large are these leaves? I think its length about 10 cm, though it doesn’t look like so. Sometimes you will be able to observe giant leaves 15-20 cm of this kind.

Plantago major col 15-1 Grote weegbree

A genus includes sometimes hundreds of species, though there are cases that only one species makes one genus. The plantain (Weegbree in Dutch) is a famous grass for medicine. There are certainly a lot of plantains in Northern Hemisphere. Japanese name of this kind is O-ba-ko, means Great leaves. A representative O-ba-ko(大葉子) is ''Plantago asiatica'' which is known as the medicine by Nature. When I saw first time Europian O-ba-ko, I thought naturally that the common plantain ) just same as O-ba-ko. But `asiatica` and `major` dedicate diffrent species. How different are they? I have still no idea about it.

Plantago lanceolata col 04-1 Smalle weegbree

I know little in such plantain world, but except three of European kinds. Their outlooks differ clearly each other and have respectively characteristic flowers. About a group of a genus in a continent like Far East, North America and Europe we can find good explanation and comparison among them (within the area).

Plantago media Daro col 03 Ruige weegbree

It happens sometimes not easy to compare one from Far East with one from Europa. Both look similar; often seem to be almost same. but their scientific name are not same, because name-giving was by different biologists and time.

Plantago lanseolata 03-2


''Salix bakko'' is a name of willow kinds. Bakko is quoted from Japanese 跋扈(バッコ). It has been recognized a Japanese species. On the other hand I knew already 'Willow of Forest' or '''Goat willow' written as ''Salix caprea''.which grows widely in Europe. Once I uploaded images of ''Willow of Forest'' on a popular tree-site. The man of the site commented that your picture was alike Bakko-yanagi (yanagi = willow).

Salix caprea mannelijk 130412 c

In first decenia of 21 century someone has probably proved that those two species have exact same gene. There might be dozen of reports by different investigators, those who took examples in own country not only Europe and Japan but also other areas. In course of recent years I noticed ''Salix bakko'' as a synonym of ''Salix caprea''. I would like to prise the man of the Japanese Tree Site who pointed out thereof immediately when he saw my pictures. At the time, before the publication of identical tow names, I saw Bakko's pictures also first time, then thought : twin-like which are one among plenty of cases in ganre of Nomenclature.

Salixs caprea and Bakko col 01

Doing no examination in past couple of years, I'm a bit of curiosity on how about the relationship of European and Japanese plantains, saying stupidly 'they could be same just like Bakko and Caprea. Haha there is something to do with Bakko (it means : to behave dominantly / to be rampant).

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Family 家族

We got a fire, we got a present.                [自由学校Waldorf (Steiner) education ]


01.jpg

the legacy of the fire col 02

03 Evoud


In March 4th 1993 we got a fire, an hour before a birthday party. Anyone who was downstairs being busy with preparation for joyful event didn't notice it at all. But someone from other street found the moving fire and smoke inside a room of upstairs.

04-2 Ingeborg
04 Ingeborg

05 Jasper
05-2 Jasper

A baby slept at the moment on attic. Suddenly a boy came into the house shouting 'Fire Fire' who discovered fire. How courageous a woman and the boy were! She went up to attic and brought him down, and then they together put repeatedly a bucket of water toward the burning flame.
06 Laura
07 Maria

08 Mariyce
08-2 Mariyce

By chance a full of water was left in bathtub. The bathroom was next door of our office. When they opened door in order to extinguish fire seemed to be merely seconds before Backfire. If it happened both persons would have seriously wounded and you can imagine, in addition to、how big the damage of house was, although Fire brigade had soon arrived.

16 Vera

17 Wieteke

During whole such on-going fire I myself was on the way to fetch elder daughter who was somewhere in Gitter lesson. Coming home, we met with people of Fire brigade and police.
10 Nienke

11 Nikjas12 Raoe
12-2 Raoe

13 Sanne B

On next day younger daughter told the shocking story in her class at school. Her teacher Joke took it immediately as an object of learning. She made a text and let children draw their imagination of just heard story. The standard text was also drawn with colorful style on another side as you witness.

14 Sanne

15 Tobias

The 17 classmates of younger daughter got likely pretty much impression about Japanese special computer twisted and partly melted by high temperature. The 8 years old daughter might seriously describe it to her frieds, because unusual Japanese one, besides socalled ''computer'' was not yet a standaard equipment in ordinary family. She herself drew simply two doors on paper; one of door was complete black which astonished her after the fire.

09 Naomi09-2 Naomi

It was maybe a tiny accident, but the aftermath was an unforgettable matter that Joke presented us later those 17 drawings. It would remain as a scene in each individual life of my concerned persons.


the legacy of the fire col 01
Most of papers and books had gone as well as machineries, firnitures and wall. I would say this '', a legacy of the fire''.

【Note】:
1. You may notice birthday cake, flags and Laptop computer in drawings. The former two things are standard items on birthday in the Netherlands.


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ken minatoya

Author:ken minatoya
Victor Westhoff(1916-2001)碑文Hij observeertからのHNを本名と苗字に先立つ屋号に変更。ウエストホフは生物フローラの相互生息環境を丹念に観察したBiotop概念の先駆者。ザザーッとフィールドを歩きつつ、こぼれ見える外史/雑人/雑草の風景

日本語→英語自動翻訳【星条旗】
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