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Art 絵画/ 建築

Framework ❷ [Diagonal 45 tradition with a Royal bloodline story]

Documents and illustrations have been drawn to the square of paper that usually has four sides. It may be, so to speak principle. There is rarely example that deviate from the principle. Human life seems as if it were built up on the rule.

''Framework'' can certaily not escape out of such square which are, as you know, connected with diagonal 45 degrees method by each other sides. Hereunder it's shown by means of two pieces cut each 45 degrees, though it's not easy to see due to wood layers.


Glued 5-6 layers, without (metal or plastic) hardware.
Diagonal tradition 05-1


↓She is the eldest daughter of Charles I, the king of England, Scotland and Ireland. Oil portrait in the 17th century, being able to draw the facial expressions and personality, was already completed graphic image field. Van der Helst depicted exactly her what she looked like then as a member of the Stuart. Such expression on her can be observed in portraits of her own son and a daughter of her brother, namely Willem 3 and Mary 2.

Mary Henrietta married in 1641 at age of 9 with Willem, Prince of Orange. When she moved to The Hague in 1644 they could consume their marriage. Her father was involved in English Civil War and was executed in 1649 by the High Court of Justice, one side of Republican, Oliver Cromwell. Later her older and younger brothers became respectively King of UK in order, Charles 2 and James 2.

In 1650 her husband Willem 2 died of smallpox. Few days later a son was born. It's Willem 3, later the king of UK together with his first cousin and wife Mary 2, daughter of his uncle James 2. Mary Henrietta Stuart was unpopular then in Dutch Republic. Her son (William 3 in England) fought often against Louis XIV of France who was her first cousin too. All of those family history is typical royal ‘ complexity’ and the result of the intermarriage
[note 1].

1652 painted by Bartholomeus van der Helst (1613 – 1670)
DSC_0205.jpg
Mary Henrietta Stuart, at the time of 21 years old.


Back to the theme '' Framework ''.
↑This is in fact a beautiful example made by craftmans ship. It is brought up by clever idea at 4 corners. You don't notice diagonal lines there, but needless to say pursued by 45 degrees connection. I guess, four pieces are made of casting
[note 2].

Mary Hennriette Stuart tabuleu Detail 05

The motif of ornament on this frame is the Plant and the Knight's heads. There are 6 head statues respectively on the top and bottom of the frame. The 2 heads in center are facing one another, others are facing the front. Six heads set on bottom-frame are facing downward. It would be plausible meaning about this frame design[note 3].

Johan Hendrik Weissenburg en Lijst effect 05

'Zomerdag' (Summer day) realized in 1870-1903. Johan Hendrik Weissenbruch is apparently a modern artist with such landscape. You may be disappointed the fact that the windmill was equipped pomping engines so that the waterlevel was always controled when no wind. He made this painting on a sheet of paper instead of canvas. ''He tacked the paper onto the lid of his paintingbox. The tiny holes are still visible in the corners.'' He worked it out at own atelier. The paper is backed up by woodplate, ofcourse.[note 4]

The 45 degrees 'frame connection' has been long adopted and authorised in traditional art genre, although there are various genius ways to connect two wood elements, for example, between vertical column and horizontal cross piece.[note 5].

Unfortunately nobody has thought to develop something different than the '45'. Because the '45' is logical, easy, strong and beautiful. In addition to these functional reasons, ornamental or decorative motif has been considerably important factor for ''Frame''.

Look at the frame of Weissenbruch as an example with broad and deep dimension. Could anyone imagine the painting without the frame ? How could it survive as just 'naked art' at the time? In other words it seemed for painters and art-receivers as if the art never exsist without 'Frame'. [We had to wait it until the half of 20 century]

By chance I ever walked along a windmill at Puttershoek in the province of South Holland. You see that windmill in a picture that is embedded in right 'Frame'. Now you would recognize the powerful '45' tradition whether you find it 'not suitable ' or 'not so bad' etct...



【Note】:
1. When was such intermarriage forbidden in UK (or Dutch Republic)?
Incidentally well in japanese Idioms such as 近親結婚 and 近親相姦(incest).
2. The scale of painting is almost real size of the person. It means 'Frame' are big and strong enough. These days, painting-frame with decoration is often foamed plastic moldings.
3. Could it be associated with her husband Willem 2?.
4. My camera is not good enough to focus very small holes in the corners of Johan's painting. But you can find them once by visiting 'Rijksmuseum'. https://www.rijksmuseum.nl/en'
5. A very known wood connection is ''Dovetail connection'' → zwaluwstaart verbinding (in Dutch) → 蟻継(アリツギ)、蟻ほぞ(アリホゾ)
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Victor Westhoff(1916-2001)碑文Hij observeertからのHNを本名と苗字に先立つ屋号に変更。ウエストホフは生物フローラの相互生息環境を丹念に観察したBiotop概念の先駆者。ザザーッとフィールドを歩きつつ、こぼれ見える外史/雑人/雑草の風景

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上記広告は1ヶ月以上更新のないブログに表示されています。新しい記事を書くことで広告を消せます。