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Nature 雑草 フローラ/ファウナ

JulyWatch on Blue [青の七月観察]

The form of copulation
Lantaarntje 03-1
Mating wheel / Paringswiel / 交配の輪(形)
Blue-tailed damselfly / Lantaarntje (Ischnura elegans) [糸トンボ類の一つ]

The female sets her genital-opening under secondary copulative organ of the male (above: ♂). This copulation takes hours, also at slow peaceful flying in air.
Lantaarntje col 03-3

Here you see their living circumstance in "Common Rush" (Juncus effusus) / Pitrus in Dutch / イグサ
Lantaarntje col 03-4

In same pond there are ''still green Rush'' with tiny blue flower plants.
Myosotis palustris 07-5
its water depth is about 30 cm. I'm afraid of having no clear pictures, because right boot with hole got water inside.

Yellow flower is La petite douve (Ranunculus flammula) [Dutch︰Egel Boterbloem. イトキンポウゲ ]
Myosotis palustris met egelboterbloem (Ranunculus flammula)05-1

Diameter of all these blue flowers in this water is smaller than 3mm. while in other waters it is often bigger than 5mm. German Wikpedia says ; Die himmelblaue Krone ist bei einem Durchmesser von 4 bis 12 Millimetern tellerförmig..It is rather different measurements between 'mines' and 'German'. There could be different species, I do believe, however, it is ''Myosotis palustris'' (synonim, M. scorpioides), in another word ''Water Forget-Me-Not'' which is derived from German original ''Sumpf-Vergissmeinnicht ''.
.Myosotis palustris 05-2


Common skullcap (Dutch : Blauw glidkruid シソ科タツナミソウ属の一つ (Scutellaria galericulata)),
Blauw glidkruid (Scutellaria galericulata) 05-3
Dutch name indicates the very blue colour. It's ''Back schön'' blue.
Blauw glidkruid (Scutellaria galericulata) 05-2
The flowers appear by one of two on one side。Top half of flower looks like head of waterfowl.
Scutellaria galericulata Blauw glidkruid corrage 04 jpeg


Why mushroom? Dutch name : Blauwplaatstropharia. Its underside of the umbrella has often bluish tint, therefore the mushroom is named Blue Stropharia. This groep is not so bluish., In UK's name is the Cap stropharia or "garden giant", 10-20 cm capsize is seen often in gardens with wood chip. In Japan one of ordinary mushroom too (Stropharia rugosoannulata) {ハラタケ目モエギタケ科のモエギタケ属サケツバタケ: 柄につく輪/ツバがよく裂ける茸(タケ)}
Blauweplaatstoropharia 05-1
In Europe this is popular as an edible mushroom for mushrooms collectors in nature, while in Japan I think it is less popular to eat the storopharia. Besides I never see it in Japanese supermarket.

Two human life-size plants
Echium vulgare シベナガムラサキ05-2
Yellowers plant is Mullein (Dutch; Toorts) , sometimes to reach 2m height. Blue one is Echium vulgare, known as viper's bugloss and blueweed.
Echium vulgare シベナガムラサキ05-1
Such tall cases are rare for me. They seem to be nearly 2 m height although normaly around 60cm tall. Well its Dutch name is Slangenkruid that may be associated with snake. 'Slang' means long hose or snake. Its 5 redish anthers are remarkably long, therefor in fact 'slang'. The plant is useful for many inseks.
Echium vulgare 001-4 紫科シベナガムラサキ



Three plants in Bellflower family (Campanulaceae) from now ↓

Actually bellflowers are loved and favour by everybody. Why? because their colour is blue, I suppose. There are lylics and melodie as folk songs about Bellflowers such as The Bluebells of Scotland. [Japanese : スコットランドの釣鐘草]. It is said Bellflower Family covers more than 8000 speceis in the world. Hah I know just a few of them, but I do know they all have always 5 filaments and a style with several stigmas.

Next one↓is Rampion, (or Rover bellflower), Rapunzelklokje in Dutch. and Latin name 'Campanula rapunculus. キキョウ科 ホタルブクロ属 (Japanese speceis-name unknown). This species is native in European continent and was introduced to UK and Denmark etct. But an item in Red list in Netherlands. Height almost 60cm, slender stem has square cross-section. . . .
Campanula rapunculus キキョウ科ホタルブクロ属Rapunzelklokje 01-5

You recognize 5 filaments inside tube, Star shape with 5 petals
Campanula rapunculus キキョウ科 Rrampion bellflowerホタルブクロ属Rapunzelklokje 01-1

Men says a stigma has usually 3 parts, but I don't find them. Why?
Campanula rapunculus キキョウ科ホタルブクロ属Rapunzelklokje 01-9



A term ''Bluebell'' is a little complicated matter. at least for Britain including English and Scotish folks. The folk song The Bluebell of Scotland has been sung with various lylics through centuries. One of them says ''the Heathbell the Hairbell'' which is no doubt ''Campanula rotundifolia'' with hairlike narrow long leaves that you recognize by an image hereunder.
Grasklokje (Campanula rotundifolia) 05-12
Hairbell is called Grasklokje in Dutch, so that it grows in Grass field↓ ..
Grasklokje (Campanula rotundifolia) 05-9

[Calling a hairbell a bluebell is generally regarded by the English as a Scottish trait, yet this is by no means universal and has not been the case] (quoted from FLOLA CELTICA 144p).
Grasklokje (Campanula rotundifolia) 05-7

It may be simple ''from mouth to mouth'' tradition in both nations.since 16 century. In the Highlands, more or less on Scotland's western shores, you can witness to watch whole carpet of Bluebell. It is not Hairbell at all. But very favourable Wild Hyacinth (Hyacinthoides non-scripta) that was reportedly brought by the immigreted sailors and soldiers of Spanish Armada.
curved brown 5 filaments and 2-lobbed stigma.
Grasklokje (Campanula rotundifolia) 05-7-2


Sheep's bit scabious, (Jasione montana), Zandblauwtjes in Dutch which means Pretty Blue on Sand. The ''bit scabious''. explains another plants resembling to this blue flower and could be eten by sheeps. Wikipedia says as follow [a low-growing plant in the Campanulaceae family found in rocky places and upland regions of Europe and western Asia].Thus a plenty of places in my village too, in particular along discarded railway.
Zandblauwtje (Jasione montana) Campanulaceae 05-3
This plant has a kind of Flower head (synonym : Pseudanthium and Capitulum = 頭状花序) which is likely consists of Disk flowers. Yes it is similar with the daisy family (Compositae). But Blue colour instead of yellow!

Zandblauwtje (Jasione montana) Campanulaceae 05-2
''Starfish-shaped white things'' are standing out, that are 5 filaments, while two-lobbed stigma can be seen on top of style in head flower (bottom). Moreover you see there many ''disk flowers.'' Each flower has 5 blue long petals around white filaments (a little below in the center).

Zandblauwtje (Jasione montana) Campanulaceae 05-5

A butterfly sucking nectar↓is believed to a common copper (Lycaena phlaeas). ''Kleine vuurvlinder'' by Dutch.
ベニシジミ(シジミチョウ科ベニシジミ属)。
Zandblauwtje (Jasione montana) Campanulaceae 05-8

At last blue sky and white cloud with Japanese Larix in July 2016
IMGP4554.jpg


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Victor Westhoff(1916-2001)碑文Hij observeertからのHNを本名と苗字に先立つ屋号に変更。ウエストホフは生物フローラの相互生息環境を丹念に観察したBiotop概念の先駆者。ザザーッとフィールドを歩きつつ、こぼれ見える外史/雑人/雑草の風景

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